Online Stock Trading: Beginners Guide


Stock trading has been a significant part of the online market for years now, and trading stocks is as familiar with the public as any other investment. As a result, traders who work in these markets have deep knowledge of the stock market, and others try their luck. To solve this issue, we have discussed what is online stock trading is and how an investor can trade online.

Stock trading is buying and selling of shares of a company that is listed with a stock exchange. To trade stocks online means to have an online account and buy and sell stocks. The aim behind this stock market trading is to earn more profits than the invested capital. Stock trading includes mutual funds, bonds, shares and other securities.

Online Stock Trading

In online stock trading, the investor is required to have an online trading account. The account could be a brokerage account or a simple trading account. Mostly, traders prefer having an account through brokers. Trade takes place online by buying and selling shares online and transferring funds through bank wire transfers or e-wallets.

The online broker or platform is used for trading stocks that could be of various types of mutual funds, bonds, equities and securities that interest traders. It is a convenient process for the trader as they have all the trading setup in their hands. Moreover, they can access the financial market with just a click through their mobile application, devices, or other platforms—a flexible and straightforward method bringing trade at any place and anytime.

It eases the medium of trade with no paper trading, visiting brokers offices or stock exchanges for market updates. A good internet connection solves all the issues of trading with one go. High speed of trade, regular monitoring and trading any time of the day. How simple is it to trade via online platforms?

Buying of Stocks

The purchase of shares at the stock market gives the traders hold in the company they have invested in. We can understand this with an example; John has shares worth $100 of XYZ Ltd. that has issued shares of $1000. The shares purchased provides John with a 10% stake in the company, giving him the right to be in companies meeting and vote in the company’s decision-making process. The larger the stock price, the higher the stake, where the share price in the stock market matters. When buying the share with a motive to earn, the traders have to sell stocks at a higher price. Higher the selling price, the higher the profit of the online stock trading.

How to start Online Stock Trading?

Trading stocks online is simple, with some steps and an understanding of the trading platform. Below listed are actions that are followed to enjoy no paper trading. 

The first step of trading stocks is to open a Demat account, which holds all the investments done, equities, shares, securities and commodities etc. Online brokers provide this facility of Demat account; the broker should be a registered and reputable one. The charges of the broker and facilities should also be kept in mind while choosing the broker. A trader has a trading platform, tools and an online account to have safe and flexible trading. 

TradeATF is the leading online brokerage firm that offers exceptional trading services and conditions. It is the most trusted and secure brokerage platform. Explore detailed TradeATF review.  You can start your online stock trading journey with TradeATF. 

The second step of online trading is to know the market; the forex market is volatile and needs the understanding to have a profitable trade. A stock trader should be able to predict the market and forecast the price movements. Online brokers have the facility of education to help beginners and experienced traders to have safe and secure trading through a brokerage account. 

The third step is to put the education and practice of buying and selling stocks into effect. The broker has the provision of a demo account where a trader can practice virtual trading with funds and services of the broker. The virtual trading account lets the trader invest with no stress of losing money. There is no risk involved as the trading is safe with live trading but virtual funds. 

The final step of online stock trading is to plan strategies with the help of a demo account. The trader can know the market and, as per stock market trading, can make plans. The analysis of market tools and trading guides trade-in investment decisions.

Advantages of Online Stock trading

A simple and attractive process of trading has several advantages. Here we have listed the benefits that a trader enjoys online.


Online stock trading is simple; anyone with an internet connection and a device can trade freely. Moreover, it decreases the pressure on the trader with the technical tool and fundamental analysis. Thus, making trading hassle-free and more flexible.

Cost of trading:

Stock trading with online platforms is easy and less costly in comparison with old traditional methods. A trader is not required to visit the broker, exchange market or any other trading place. Thus, virtually trade is conducted, reducing the travel, paper and additional costs.

Quick trading:

Trade in the market takes less time, as the trade is not filling up or submitting paperwork to trade with a broker. Thus, saving the time of broker visits or calls for trade. In addition, a trader can cancel or order shares with a smartphone or any device available. All these make the trade quick and lead to speedy execution.


The traders have all the control with them; they can take decisions and make changes as per their needs. The broker and other traders do not interfere with anybody’s trading. A trader can invest and diversify the profile and spread the risk. Moreover, the trade is fast and accessible with online stock trading.

Error-less trading:

Trading is error-free when done virtually; there is no miscommunication between trader and broker. The trader can easily order and cancel a trade with no interference from a broker or other investors.


The trader can monitor the investments and stock market. This keeps the trader connected with the market and helps to make changes as per the requirement of the instrument. In addition, the trader can monitor market movements with the mobile application, desktop versions, and other devices. Thus, a trader can take quick action according to the market price changes of the security.


The trader has access to every feature, tool and market-related term with the online account. The limit price of the share, selling stocks, investment advisor and major stock exchanges are all easily accessible. Research reports, analyses and various charts are provided under the trading platform to check the stock market position of a trader who has invested or wants to invest. Best investment advice can be taken through the expert advisor in the MetaTrader4 or other platforms.

How do you decide on the broker to trade with?

The stock market is full of uncertainties, and to minimise these risks, the trader has to choose the best broker of the stock market. So we’ll be checking on the points that should be adhered to while trading online.


A well regulated and authorised broker provides security and validity for trading. They keep the transactions encrypted and have segregated accounts to ease the trading of an individual broker. Valid and reputable brokers secure the funds and personal details of the trader. They are not part of any scam and are legit for trading. Non-registered and verified brokers are risky and can take away all the funds of the traders or investors.

Trading platform:

A must requirement for trading online and brokerage services are incomplete without it. The platforms help forecast the stock market, make decisions and easily buy and sell stocks. The stock traders look for the best trading platform with features like stop-loss and stop-limit, candlestick charts, margins and chart patterns. The buy and sell orders are a significant part of trading, and this information could be accessed only through trading platforms provided by the broker. Other than these, there are other features of market news and price alerts, check on orders made and previous investment details.

They are easy to use, and MetaTrader4 is the popular user-friendly interface for this need of traders. Readily available through mobile applications and devices through web traders, they make trading flexible.

Customer service: 

The customer service of the broker is what a trader looks for. The trader can be in touch with the broker’s team to get help in the situation of any need. Customer support service is important for the effective trading process.

Commission or costs:

 The commission or fee charged by the broker over investments or any profit is a point to be discussed in advance or known. The costs could be high and can make a loss for the trader. So, a trader with low or commission-free trading should be chosen to trade freely.

Simple enrollment:

Trade is something that is more complicated if the process is long. Therefore, a trader should go for a broker that has a simple process of enrolling. Online broker websites reduce the paperwork and time for account opening—a simple way to register and trade online.

Online Stock Trading Frauds

Online frauds are common; the traders are cheated online with fake validates and shares. Below listed are some of the main fraud methods used by fraudsters.

Pump and dump scheme:

A security fraud is done online where the value of the stocks is artificially inflated with the help of fake news, known as pumping of stocks. Once the price value is high, they offer the public or investors to purchase the shares. When traders buy these shares at a price to get good returns, this is known as the dumping of shares. The traders later face loss due to cheap stocks.


IPOs are potential investments at ground level to have small profits. Traders who are beginners or have an interest in this kind of trade invest their money in an IPO. The fraudsters take advantage of this and spread the news of a company’s fake IPOs that do not exist. The traders invest their funds in these, and the frauds escape with the money.

OTC Stocks:

Over-the-counter is a process of trading securities through a broker network. For example, some securities are not listed on the New York Stock Exchange, traded on OTC. Con artists trade fake stocks with a pump and dump scheme to cheat the trader.

Fake information:

In their public statements or information, the company’s misguide the traders with false statements and data of the firm. This increases the stock worth in the market for some time, making people believe and purchase the share. Later, the price falls, and traders face loss.

Types of stocks

There is a whole list of stocks that are available for trade online. In addition, there is a range of investment options available for traders to diversify their portfolios.

Individual Stocks 

A trader interested in buying shares of a company can invest in the shares by purchasing many shares of the company individual shares. The company shares are traded daily, and a trader can choose from these stocks and invest. The price of such stocks varies every day. Therefore, the trader needs to be active and know about such individual stocks of the company. Performance, market value and news of the company should be known before taking any decision. A broker could be used to understand these stocks and whether they are listed or not on the London Stock Exchange or any other exchange.

Individual stocks maintain a personal connection and know about their investment. Therefore, individual stocks are a good option to invest in.

Mutual Funds

Mutual Funds are investments in bulk, giving a stake of stocks and bonds. These are managed by professional managers who have an understanding of the financial market. They analyse the stocks and market situation for further investments. They give access to a wide range of stocks in one investment; however, the manager asks for charges as their expertise fee. In addition, they have a commission charge as well on the profits of the trader. So, a trader has to be careful while trading. Never go for a loss, paying more than earned.

Index Funds

Core portfolio developers, index funds are suitable investments for a retirement account. These are an excellent source for savings in the years of retirement. With lower expenses, index funds have a passive investment strategy. A long-run investment that serves in the latter days, matching both risk and returns of the market. The trader with a strategy buys and sells index funds with the idea of mimicking the profile index.


Exchange-traded funds (ETF’s) are a popular investment instrument in the forex market. They are cheap and easily accessible, making trading simple and profitable. The trader of ETFs invests in various securities; they are a good mashup of stocks and mutual funds for earning profits. Being similar to mutual funds in structure and management, ETFs are pooled investments for diversifying the portfolio.

Fractional Shares

The portion of full shares, these kinds of shares provide a stake of half share in the stock market. Such shares are traded due to the merging of a company or the split of the company. As such a situation occurs less, this makes trading difficult. The shares of the company need to be large in number to be traded infractions. Fractional shares trading is common with mutual funds, and the managers of mutual funds have experience compiling them together for trading.

Foreign Stocks

Investment in local markets is safe, but trading in the foreign market could have more benefits. The developed economies like the US etc., have shares of a company that are quite beneficial and are always a part of the market change. Investing in these big companies of the foreign nations, the investor can diversify the portfolio and overseas benefits. A trader should be well aware of the rules and regulations of the foreign company trading with. The exchange rates and fluctuations factors affect the trade and price value of such stocks, so research and investment advice should be taken before trading.

Markets of Trading

For online stock trading, a trader has two alternatives, primary and secondary markets. Both the markets have trading instruments.

The primary market deals in IPOs, which are traded online by investing at ground level. The bid is placed online, and the company’s shares are issued to the traders online through the Demat account.

The secondary market is having more choices, shares, trading forex, gold and other commodities. Trading takes place between traders and investors, demand and supply decide the trading price, and a trader can analyse the market.

Difference between Online and Offline trading

No interference: The first difference between online and offline trading is the inference; in online trading, a trader can execute the trade independently, while offline trading has a list of people to advise. A broker is the one who handles the offline trade on behalf of the trader, and in online trade, there’s no broker to do your trading. Second, online trade is easy, whereas offline trade involves a lot of paperwork and travel. Offline trade needs id verification, paperwork, signatures and many more, while online trade requires a good internet connection and registration. Every step offline needs money to pay brokers and commission, whereas online trade is not that expensive.

Security: Online trades are more secure, and transactions are encrypted, but offline, the details of transactions are shared with the broker.

Convenient: Trade is more convenient online than offline; a laptop/device or mobile could be used for trading. In the offline-only option is a broker, the trade is a bit complicated due to the broker’s involvement. The news and information are available online for knowing the market updates that are not easily accessible with offline trade.

Disadvantages of Online Stock Trading

Trading has some disadvantages, so does an online trade; we’ll get to know some of the drawbacks that could bring worry for a trader with the below-mentioned points.

Hidden costs: The trader has no idea about the hidden costs that a broker may charge. Besides the low commission, a broker has a fee for tools and website usage or other charges such as trading platform, trading benefit and registration fees etc.

Technical knowledge: Trading online requires one to be familiar with the computer and other internet devices. The user of online trading, if not well versed with technology, needs to learn and use them first.

System errors: The technology is risky and can occur errors while trading or completing an order. The system broke’s, the internet connection is lost, and server issues could be complex.

Decisions: Online trading requires quick decisions as offline trading, and traders have control emotions to not over trade or make wrong decisions.

Limited knowledge: Proper knowledge of the market trading and decisions are a must for trading online. With limited knowledge, a trader won’t be able to have the full benefits of online stock trading.


Online stock trading has its benefits and drawbacks; one trading in the online financial market has to be aware. Trading has changed over the years, and technology has made an up foot in the market. A trader with knowledge of online platforms and their use can excel in the market with fast transactions, better execution, and trade security. All brokers have facilities to ease trader trading with forecasts, tools, analysis of the market, time frames, expert advisors and indicators. The trade is accessible easily and a convenient method for paperless trade—the best option for traders with professional experience in trading.

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